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Rocks around Bendigo - Bendigo region

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Last updated 22/6/03


Field trip areas: Victoria Hill
White Hills

Victoria Hill

Ballerstedt's open cut, view south.  Hinge area of anticlinal fold.  Beds of shale on the left of the picture dip to the east and beds of sandstone on the right of the picture dip east.  The central part of the image shows where the hinge area has been mined to remove the gold bearing quartz. Ballerstedts2.JPG (29474 bytes)
Ballerstedt's open cut, view north.  Horizontal beds in the foreground occur in the hinge of the New Chum anticline.  Sandstone beds dip east in the right of the photo. 011011_Victoria_Hill_hinge3.JPG (26696 bytes)
Quartz veins (white and weathered to brown) in sandstone, Ballerstedt's open cut. 011011_Victoria_Hill_bedded_Q.JPG (27555 bytes)
Solution cleavage in sandstone on the west lim of the New Chum anticline in Ballerstendts open cut.  Geologists use cleavage to assist to navigate their position with respect to the folds HQ077.JPG (23998 bytes)
Victoria Quartz headframe VICQ_1.jpg (33765 bytes)
360 degree view from the top of the Victoria Quartz headframe 011011_VICQ_view_clipped.jpg (77278 bytes)
90 degree view north and east of Rae's open cut. 011011_Raes_open_cut_clipped.jpg (52429 bytes)
New Chum Anticline, Rae's open cut, view south.  A thin, vertical quartz vein (brown) marks the axis (centre) of the fold.  Beds on either side dip east (left) and west (right) respectively.  Some thin quartz veins occur along bedding and contain smaller, parasitic folds) 011011_New_Chum_anticline_clipped.jpg (27598 bytes)
View from the anticlinal fold in Rae's open cut towards the Victoria Quartz headframe NC_AP_VICQ_1.jpg (27664 bytes)
Ripple marks in "Ripple bedded siltsone" (RBS) facies, Rae's open cut. 010913_R_Turbidite_climbing_ripples1.JPG (19324 bytes)
View south of scoured medium grained sandstone into very fine grained sandstone indicating sediment transport direciton to the right of picture (east) 010913_R_Turbidite_scour1.JPG (19290 bytes)
Parts of a 20 head battery reconstructed for display.   There are 4 banks of 5 stamping heads.  The quartz with it's gold content (ore) was transported from the Victoria Quartz shaft via a tramway.  The waste   rock (mullock) remnants or the tramway is visible to the right of the shed.   Concrete foundations to the left of the shed are where the steam engines were housed Battery3.JPG (21725 bytes)
Close up of battery, showing the stamping heads. Ore is fed into the back of battery, it is crushed and then would pass over a series of sloping tables that assist to separate out the gold.  The concrete remaining in frount of the battery shows there these tables stood. Battery2.JPG (18485 bytes)
An historic example of an operating battery (Palmer, 1975) Palmer_1975_p41_Lincoln_Battery.jpg (58281 bytes)
Lansell's 180.  Foundations of the winding engines used to haul water, men and quartz up the shaft.  LA180.JPG (27403 bytes)
View south across the top of the winding foundations towards the position of the shaft itself, approximately 25 metres to the south.  Adjacent to the part in the centre of the image, the earlier winding foundations are found that were used prior to George Lansell upgrading the infrastructure when deepening the mine. LA180_view_to_shaft.jpg (23094 bytes)
Lansell's 180 mine with the Victoria Quartz headframe in the background (Palmer, 1975). Palmer_1975_p25_La180.jpg (50110 bytes)


White Hills

White Hills gravel pit, view north.  The pit is in conglomerate of reworked quartz pebbles from the Bendigo Quartz reefs transported by the ancient Bendigo Creek.  The pit has been dug to the base of the gravels.  The conglomerate is named the White Hills Gravels White_Hills_pit_view_N_from_gate.jpg (42861 bytes)
An example of the White Hills Gravels showing quartz pebbles in a quartz/iron cement.  This combines to make a very tough, resitant rock that is difficult to break down.  As a result, the gravels that were formed in the valley in the ancient Bendigo Creek, now form part of a residual ridge. Hq31.jpg (29495 bytes)
The quartz particles in the White Hills Gravels reach up to one metre across Hq27.jpg (23835 bytes)
Cross section through the ancient Bendigo Creek deposits.   In the foreground the floow to the pit is the old creek bed, comprising Ordovician turbidites.  The wall of the pit is a cross section through the gravels to their present exposure at the surface. White_Hills_pit_basement_1.jpg (16866 bytes)
Entrance to the White Hill Chinese diggings historical area.   Here, miners sunk shafts into the White Hills gravels to mine alluvial gold White_Hills_Chinese_Diggings_gate.jpg (57512 bytes)
White Hills Chinese diggings historical area.   Characteristic round shaft sunk by Chinese miners.  The Chinese believed that evil spirits lurked in the corners of shafts so therefore built sahfts without corners. 01_4.jpg (39118 bytes)
White Hills Chinese diggings historical area.  A rectangular shaft sunk by European miners. 04_v2.jpg (34252 bytes)



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Rocks around Bendigo

Page created 19/06/03
Last updated 21/06/03
Created by
Rodney Boucher
Linex Pty Ltd
2 McGowan St
Bendigo Vic. 3550